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Livres de Milton Friedman
"L'un des livres les plus influents depuis la Seconde Guerre mondiale" !
« La liberté est une plante rare et délicate. » - Milton Friedman
Et si l'on retournait aux sources de l'économie classique pour penser et trouver des réponses à la situation économique actuelle ?
Paru pour la première fois en 1962, Capitalisme et Liberté est l'un des ouvrages clés de la pensée économique. Écrit sans jargon, il est surtout le premier livre d'économie accessible à tous. Dans ce livre, Milton Friedman défend la liberté économique comme condition nécessaire à toute liberté politique. Il y présente sa propre vision du libéralisme et son analyse pointue est encore et toujours d'actualité. Cela fait de cet ouvrage l'un des livres incontournables du xxe siècle.
« L'un des livres les plus influents depuis la Seconde Guerre mondiale. » - The Times Literary Supplement
« Qu'on partage ou non les idées de Milton Friedman, la lecture de ce livre roboratif est un must pour tout citoyen curieux et intéressé par la réflexion et par des propositions sur la vie de la Cité. Même et peut-être surtout si elles sortent des chemins battus et ne sont pas toujours politiquement correctes, du moins dans notre pays. » - André Fourçans, professeur d'Économie à l'ESSEC
« J'envie le lecteur qui grâce à ce livre va découvrir une chose extrêmement rare : une pensée qui libère à la place d'asservir. » - Charles Gave
One of Times Literary Supplement’s 100 Most Influential Books Since the War
One of National Review’s 100 Best Nonfiction Books of the Century
One of Intercollegiate Studies Institute’s 50 Best Books of the 20th Century
How can we benefit from the promise of government while avoiding the threat it poses to individual freedom? In this classic book, Milton Friedman provides the definitive statement of an immensely influential economic philosophy—one in which competitive capitalism serves as both a device for achieving economic freedom and a necessary condition for political freedom.
First published in 1962, Friedman’s Capitalism and Freedom is one of the most significant works of economic theory ever written. Enduring in its eminence and esteem, it has sold nearly a million copies in English, has been translated into eighteen languages, and continues to inform economic thinking and policymaking around the world. This new edition includes prefaces written by Friedman for both the 1982 and 2002 reissues of the book, as well as a new foreword by Binyamin Appelbaum, lead economics writer for the New York Times editorial board.
A powerful and persuasive discussion about economics, freedom, and the relationship between the two, from today's brightest economist.
In this classic discussion, Milton and Rose Friedman explain how our freedom has been eroded and our affluence undermined through the explosion of laws, regulations, agencies, and spending in Washington. This important analysis reveals what has gone wrong in America in the past and what is necessary for our economic health to flourish.
Central to the new theory is its sharp distinction between two concepts of income, measured income, or that which is recorded for a particular period, and permanent income, a longer-period concept in terms of which consumers decide how much to spend and how much to save. Milton Friedman suggests that the total amount spent on consumption is on the average the same fraction of permanent income, regardless of the size of permanent income. The magnitude of the fraction depends on variables such as interest rate, degree of uncertainty relating to occupation, ratio of wealth to income, family size, and so on.
The hypothesis is shown to be consistent with budget studies and time series data, and some of its far-reaching implications are explored in the final chapter.
"…the most influential economist of the second half of the 20th century...possibly of all of it.”—The Economist
"Friedman argued that the best way to make sense of saving and spending was not, as Keynes had done, to resort to loose psychological theorizing, but rather to think of individuals as making rational plans about how to spend their wealth over their lifetimes...The details are a bit technical, but Friedman’s ‘permanent income hypothesis’ and the Ando-Modigliani ‘life cycle model’ resolved several apparent paradoxes about the relationship between income and spending, and remain the foundations of how economists think about spending and saving to this day."—Paul Krugman, New York Times
In this “lively, enlightening introduction to monetary history” (Kirkus Reviews), one of the leading figures of the Chicago school of economics that rejected the theories of John Maynard Keynes offers a journey through history to illustrate the importance of understanding monetary economics, and how monetary theory can ignite or deepen inflation.
With anecdotes revealing the far-reaching consequences of seemingly minor events—for example, how two obscure Scottish chemists destroyed the presidential prospects of William Jennings Bryan, and how FDR’s domestic politics helped communism triumph in China—as well as plain-English explanations of what the monetary system in the United States means for your personal finances and for everyone from the small business owner on Main Street to the banker on Wall Street, Money Mischief is an enlightening read from the author of Capitalism and Freedom and Free to Choose, who was called “the most influential economist of the second half of the twentieth century” by the Economist.
Milton Friedman and George J. Stigler shaped economics as we know it today – their Chicago School laid the groundwork for much of the neoclassical tradition in economic analysis. This book brings together a collection of letters from these two Noble laureates from the post-war years, containing new information about their personal and professional relationships, and also illuminating the development of ideas which are now fundamental to economic theory.
The book, expertly edited by Dan and Claire Hammond, contains an introductory chapter, chronologies for Friedman and Stigler, and transcripts of sixty eight letters written from 1945 to 1957 along with enclosures.
Friedman and Schwartz's A Monetary History of the United States, 1867-1960, published in 1963, stands as one of the most influential economics books of the twentieth century. A landmark achievement, the book marshaled massive historical data and sharp analytics to support the claim that monetary policy--steady control of the money supply--matters profoundly in the management of the nation's economy, especially in navigating serious economic fluctuations. The chapter entitled "The Great Contraction, 1929-33" addressed the central economic event of the century, the Great Depression. Published as a stand-alone paperback in 1965, The Great Contraction, 1929-1933 argued that the Federal Reserve could have stemmed the severity of the Depression, but failed to exercise its role of managing the monetary system and ameliorating banking panics. The book served as a clarion call to the monetarist school of thought by emphasizing the importance of the money supply in the functioning of the economy--a concept that has come to inform the actions of central banks worldwide.
This edition of the original text includes a new preface by Anna Jacobson Schwartz, as well as a new introduction by the economist Peter Bernstein. It also reprints comments from the current Federal Reserve chairman, Ben Bernanke, originally made on the occasion of Milton Friedman's 90th birthday, on the enduring influence of Friedman and Schwartz's work and vision.
Writing in the June 1965 issue of theEconomic Journal, Harry G. Johnson begins with a sentence seemingly calibrated to the scale of the book he set himself to review: "The long-awaited monetary history of the United States by Friedman and Schwartz is in every sense of the term a monumental scholarly achievement--monumental in its sheer bulk, monumental in the definitiveness of its treatment of innumerable issues, large and small . . . monumental, above all, in the theoretical and statistical effort and ingenuity that have been brought to bear on the solution of complex and subtle economic issues."
Friedman and Schwartz marshaled massive historical data and sharp analytics to support the claim that monetary policy--steady control of the money supply--matters profoundly in the management of the nation's economy, especially in navigating serious economic fluctuations. In their influential chapter 7, The Great Contraction--which Princeton published in 1965 as a separate paperback--they address the central economic event of the century, the Depression. According to Hugh Rockoff, writing in January 1965: "If Great Depressions could be prevented through timely actions by the monetary authority (or by a monetary rule), as Friedman and Schwartz had contended, then the case for market economies was measurably stronger."
Milton Friedman won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1976 for work related to A Monetary History as well as to his other Princeton University Press book, A Theory of the Consumption Function (1957).
Ese sistema económico, dice Friedman, es una condición necesaria para la libertad política. Pero una pregunta recorre estas páginas: ¿qué papel debe desempeñar el Gobierno en una sociedad libre, que confía principalmente en el mercado para organizar la actividad económica?
Publicado por primera vez en 1962, Capitalismo y libertad es una de las obras de teoría económica más importantes que se han escrito. Su prolongada influencia la ha convertido en un referente: ha vendido casi un millón de ejemplares de la edición original, se ha traducido a diecinueve idiomas y sigue ejerciendo un poderoso influjo en el pensamiento económico y el trabajo de autoridades políticas y económicas de todo el mundo.
Sus planteamientos sobre el mercado, la libertad y el Gobierno son, aún hoy, un modelo fundamental para el liberalismo y para quienes ven en las decisiones económicas libres una condición imprescindible para la libertad política.
Two speeches & two replies, being the 7th Arthur K. Salomon Lectures at the New York University Graduate School of Buiness Aministration held on 11/14/1968.