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O crime de Raskólnikov foi inspirado no assassínio de duas mulheres, com um machado, ocorrido em 1865. Mas, pela mão de Dostoievski, transforma-se numa intensa narrativa, um protagonista desenraizado em busca de afirmação, uma obra em que confluem elementos psicológicos, sociais, éticos e filosóficos.
A obra foi inicialmente publicada por capítulos, em 1866, no Mensa- geiro Russo.
«O problema de Dostoievski era este: captar e plasmar as realidades da condição humana numa série de crises extremas e definidoras; traduzir a experiência à maneira do drama trágico – o único modo que Dostoievski considera fiável – e, no entanto, permanecer dentro do ambiente naturalista da vida urbana moderna.» [George Steiner, Tolstói o Dostoievski]
Through the story of the brilliant but conflicted young Raskolnikov and the murder he commits, Fyodor Dostoyevsky explores the theme of redemption through suffering. “Crime and Punishment” put Dostoyevsky at the forefront of Russian writers when it appeared in 1866 and is now one of the most famous and influential novels in world literature.
The poverty-stricken Raskolnikov, a talented student, devises a theory about extraordinary men being above the law, since in their brilliance they think “new thoughts” and so contribute to society. He then sets out to prove his theory by murdering a vile, cynical old pawnbroker and her sister. The act brings Raskolnikov into contact with his own buried conscience and with two characters — the deeply religious Sonia, who has endured great suffering, and Porfiry, the intelligent and discerning official who is charged with investigating the murder — both of whom compel Raskolnikov to feel the split in his nature. Dostoyevsky provides readers with a suspenseful, penetrating psychological analysis that goes beyond the crime — which in the course of the novel demands drastic punishment — to reveal something about the human condition: The more we intellectualize, the more imprisoned we become.
'Dostoyevsky's finest masterpiece' John Bayley
Dostoyevsky's great novel of damnation and redemption evokes a world where the lines between innocence and corruption, good and evil, blur. It tells the story of Raskolnikov, a destitute and desperate former student, who wanders through the slums of St Petersburg and commits a random murder without remorse or regret. He imagines himself to be beyond conventional moral laws. But as he embarks on a dangerous game of cat and mouse with a police investigator, Raskolnikov is pursued by the growing voice of his conscience and finds the noose of his own guilt tightening around his neck.
Translated with an Introduction and notes by DAVID McDUFF
Winner of the Pen/Book-of-the-Month Club Translation Prize
The Brothers Karamasov is a murder mystery, a courtroom drama, and an exploration of erotic rivalry in a series of triangular love affairs involving the “wicked and sentimental” Fyodor Pavlovich Karamazov and his three sons—the impulsive and sensual Dmitri; the coldly rational Ivan; and the healthy, red-cheeked young novice Alyosha. Through the gripping events of their story, Dostoevsky portrays the whole of Russian life, is social and spiritual striving, in what was both the golden age and a tragic turning point in Russian culture.
This award-winning translation by Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky remains true to the verbal
inventiveness of Dostoevsky’s prose, preserving the multiple voices, the humor, and the surprising modernity of the original. It is an achievement worthy of Dostoevsky’s last and greatest novel.
Crimen y castigo gira en torno a Rodion Raskolnikov. El protagonista es un estudiante que apenas tiene para sobrevivir, ni siquiera a través de los esfuerzos de su madre (Pulqueria) y su hermana Dunia. Rodión se indigna con Dunia porque quiere casarse con un comerciante, y él sabe que el matrimonio es por interés, para ayudar a Rodión. Así que tiene la idea de matar y robar a una vieja usurera despiadada que guarda mucho dinero en su casa.
Raskolnikov se ve obligado a asesinar también a la hermana de la usurera Aliona, Lizaveta, ya que lo sorprende en el lugar del crimen. Pronto la policía se pone a investigar el caso. El protagonista como persona que usó los servicios de la usurera, es interrogado por el comisario, que sospecha de él como uno de los autores e intenta sorprenderlo con preguntas. Ello inquieta mucho a Rodión.
El crimen deja a Rodión en gran confusión, se debate consigo mismo sobre si su acción ha sido buena o mala. Confiesa a su amiga Sonia, una muchacha pobre y buena, las razones de su crimen.
Además de confesarle a Sonia, Rodión se lo dice a su hermana Dunia. Abrumado por las dudas sobre su acto, presionado por las dos mujeres para que se entregue y acosado por la policía, Rodión no aguanta más y se entrega, es enviado por su condena a trabajar a Siberia. Sonia visita a Rodion hasta cumplir su condena de 8 años.
After his great portrayal of a guilty man in Crime and Punishment, Dostoevsky set out in The Idiot to portray a man of pure innocence. The twenty-six-year-old Prince Myshkin, following a stay of several years in a Swiss sanatorium, returns to Russia to collect an inheritance and “be among people.” Even before he reaches home he meets the dark Rogozhin, a rich merchant’s son whose obsession with the beautiful Nastasya Filippovna eventually draws all three of them into a tragic denouement. In Petersburg the prince finds himself a stranger in a society obsessed with money, power, and manipulation. Scandal escalates to murder as Dostoevsky traces the surprising effect of this “positively beautiful man” on the people around him, leading to a final scene that is one of the most powerful in all of world literature.
Crime and Punishment focuses on the mental anguish and moral dilemmas of Rodion Raskolnikov, an impoverished ex student in Saint Petersburg who formulates a plan to kill an unscrupulous pawnbroker for her money. Before the killing, Raskolnikov believes that with the money he could liberate himself from poverty and go on to perform great deeds. However, once it is done he finds himself racked with confusion, paranoia, and disgust for what he has done. His ethical justifications disintegrate completely as he struggles with guilt and horror and confronts the real-world moral consequences of his deed.
Inspired by the works of Gogol, Pushkin and Karamzin, as well as English and French authors, Poor Folk is written in the form of letters between the two main characters, Makar Devushkin and Varvara Dobroselova, who are poor third cousins twice removed. The novel showcases the life of poor people, their relationship with rich people, and poverty in general, all common themes of literary naturalism. A deep but odd friendship develops between them until Dobroselova loses her interest in literature, and later in communicating with Devushkin after a rich widower Mr. Bykov proposes to her. Devushkin, a prototype of the clerk found in many works of naturalistic literature at that time, retains his sentimental characteristics; Dobroselova abandons art, while Devushkin cannot live without literature
The short works of Dostoevsky exist in the very large shadow of his astonishing longer novels, but they too are among literature's most revered works and offer keys to understanding the themes in his longer works. Contained in this volume are the short stories "White Nights," "A Disgraceful Affair," and "The Dream of the Ridiculous Man," three of Dostoevsky's most troubling, moving, and poignant works.
Alongside A DISGRACEFUL AFFAIR, Harper Perennial will publish the short fiction of Stephen Crane, Herman Melville, Willa Cather, Leo Tolstoy, and Oscar Wilde to be packaged in a beautifully designed, boldly colorful boxset in the aim to attract contemporary fans of short fiction to these revered masters of the form. Also, in each of these selections will appear a story from one of the new collections being published in 2009. A story from Barb Johnson's forthcoming collection will be printed at the back of this volume.